Oral health refers to the health of the teeth, gums and the entire oral-facial system that allows us to smile, talk and chew. Some of the most common diseases affecting our oral health include tooth decay (tooth decay), gum disease (periodontal) and oral cancer. Oral health means oral health. Regardless of your age, oral health is vital to overall health and well-being.
Normally, the body's natural defenses and good oral health care, such as daily brushing and flossing, keep bacteria under control. However, without proper oral hygiene, bacteria can reach levels that could cause oral infections, such as tooth decay and gum disease. Even with all the right preventive care, you may still need restorative treatment. Restorative dental care refers to any procedure that repairs a problem with the teeth or gums.
Having a healthy mouth is important to our overall health. There are several things that we can do to ensure that we keep our teeth in great condition. These include visiting the dentist on a regular basis.
Primary oral health care
Providing oral healthcare services requires special plastic instruments, special materials and a trained workforce. In Nigeria, the labour market for trained dental professionals is sparse. In this context, primary oral health care (POHC) is an approach to providing dental care in developing countries. POHC is primarily focused on preventive services.
POHC has been promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a way to integrate oral health into general health care. POHC includes oral health education and promotion. Its main objectives are to increase knowledge and awareness of oral health, increase access to oral health services and improve oral health outcomes.
POHC has not been widely implemented in Nigeria. In most primary health centres (PHCs), oral health delivery services are not available. However, in small communities, there is potential for oral health promotion to be carried out by non-dental primary care providers. Educating communities on the benefits of preventive oral health care will improve oral health for public patients and private patients.
Urgent oral health care
During the global outbreak of COVID-19, the medical and dental systems responded differently. In Italy, most dental health services were provided by the private sector. In Norway, public dental clinics were designated for urgent treatment of COVID-19 patients. However, fewer dental staff applied additional infection prevention measures in counties with higher incidence.
A case study was conducted to assess the perception of risk among dental staff. A survey was administered to dental staff working in clinics designated for COVID-19 patients. A total of 170 respondents answered the questionnaire. Approximately 80% reported that the clinic was prepared for an outbreak. However, less than half agreed that the workplace was adequately prepared to handle escalation.
The project consulted with dental professionals to investigate the barriers that prevented them from implementing changes. In addition, the project developed a model for industry preparedness. This model is being disseminated through publications and video broadcasts. The model is being used to educate future dental providers at the University of British Columbia.
Basic oral health care
Among the many health-related goals of the Sustainable Development Goals is a commitment to improving access to oral health care. As part of this commitment, a Basic Package of Oral Care (BPOC) has been designed to provide curative and preventive dental care to the underserved. The BPOC can be implemented through collaboration with NGOs and existing PHC staff.
The BPOC can be used in conjunction with other efforts to improve oral health. This can include a population-based approach to effective preventive services for high-risk patients. This model may help reduce costs and increase access to dental care.
The BPOC is a subset of a full basket of oral health care interventions. Some examples include routine prophylaxis, simple tooth extractions, and advanced care such as orthodontics for children. The model's outer circle contains the more elaborate variants of the simpler options.
The IOM's Public Policy Options for Better Dental Health identified a need for improved access to oral health services in the United States. It recommended developing an oral health quality review system and a population-based information system. It also suggested incorporating oral health into national health insurance plans. It also recommended using dental assistants in school-based settings.
Relationship to other chronic diseases
Across the globe, oral health and other chronic diseases share common risk factors. These factors can be reduced through public health interventions. In particular, dental care, fluoridated water and healthy eating are effective ways to prevent oral disease. However, treating oral disease is expensive and not usually covered under universal health coverage. In order to provide effective and cost-effective oral health care to lower the public health burden of disease, collaboration among health systems is needed.
Chronic diseases affect millions of people in the United States. They last for a year or more and require regular treatment. People of all ages and socioeconomic backgrounds suffer from these conditions. They can limit people's daily activities and quality of life. Chronic diseases are linked to a wide variety of risk factors, including smoking, alcohol use, and an unhealthy diet.
Several oral diseases, including tooth decay, periodontitis, and gum disease, are related to chronic diseases. Periodontitis, for instance, can lead to tooth loss and the progressive loss of tooth supporting structures. Periodontitis can also affect people's mood and functional aspects of their lives.
These problems can range in severity, from a small cavity to periodontitis, and their associated treatments vary as well. Most dental problems involve a tooth that is decaying, missing, loose, or impacted. Your dentists will perform several tests to assess the health of your oral cavity, looking for common dental problems, such as signs of tooth decay or gum disease. You can help prevent or minimize many oral health problems with regular preventive measures (brushing your teeth, flossing, etc.) and regular visits to dental health professionals.
Dental health refers to the general health of the mouth, including teeth, gums, and tongue, and care for it comes in all shapes and sizes. Paying for needed oral health care is one of the main reasons for catastrophic health spending, resulting in an increased risk of impoverishment and economic hardship. Even before the first teeth are visible, you can support your baby's oral health by cleaning their gums after feeding them with a damp gauze or clean cloth. When you walk away and consider oral health as a whole, you realize that dental care is a very large industry.
Good oral health practices and regular visits to dental health professionals will help you enjoy the benefits of a bright smile and a pain-free mouth.